Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – δίκη – Verse List for Study 10

Because of the Cross

This word is found 3 times in 3 verses within the New Testament. 

The previous study dealt with each occurrence of this word in the New Testament.

 

I look forward to comments and discussion.

May the Lord give you an understanding heart and a willing spirit to consider the Bible and all it’s wealth.


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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – δίκη – Study 10

Because of the Cross

Thanks for returning to this series on “Judge Judge Judge” and my feeble attempt to understand a believers responsibility and right to make judgments.

Another purpose of this series hopefully is to understand the believers restriction on judgement. 

What can a Christian judge?  How is he to judge?  What is prohibited in the Christian life to judge.  So many questions and concerns. 

Our tenth greek word related to judging is…

dikē

δίκη – dikē – vengeance, judgment, punish

This word is found 3 times in 3 verses within the New Testament.  A full listing of all verses will be included in this study.  

This word (along with some of our following studies) carries the meaning that most in our society associate with the term judge.  Synonyms for this word include vengeance, judgment and punish.

Acts 28:4

When the native people saw the creature hanging from his hand, they said to one another, “No doubt this man is a murderer. Though he has escaped from the sea, Justice has not allowed him to live.”

This verse is a recounting of the natives of Malta, as Paul and Barnabas were seeking to minister to the people.  The Maltan’s were a kind people, having begun a fire for Paul and Barnabas.  As Paul helped with the fire, a venomous snake bit him.

First he was a murderer, deserving the justice of death at the teeth of a venomous snake.  Moments later, he was considered a god, escaping the death of the snake bite!

Each of these responses showed the Maltans understanding of the rightful demands of justice.  These folk, like us, had an innate sense of justice, that this is a world that cries out for justice.  Yet how often are injustices and wrongs allowed to exist in this world, causing us a yearning for a world of righteousness and truth.  And yet…

James 2:13

For judgment is without mercy to one who has shown no mercy. Mercy triumphs over judgment.

Since God has judged us with mercy, we also, following the character of the Master, should also express mercy to those we meet and associate with.  Let us display the mercy of God in our relationships, walking humbly, seeking to be a blessing and not a curse.

2 Thessalonians 1:9

They will suffer the punishment of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his might,

Who will suffer? Who is Paul referring to in this passage, that will suffer the punishment of eternal destruction?

I am going to leave this as a self study for the reader, but will assist by directing you to Acts 17:1-9, and 1 Thessalonians 2:13-16.  Let me know what you find out, or if there are additional passages that bring light to this particular topic.

The punishment of eternal destruction.  Justice that results in eternal destruction.  It is interesting that my initial assumption of this judgement is the lake of fire, the burning of hell.  I am not arguing for or against the teaching of eternal torment in this study, but regarding this verse, the passage does not say

“They will suffer the punishment of eternal suffering

So what is this verse trying to say?  In regards to the term we are studying, the justice declared results in an eternal condition.  I have supplied a post on the Greek term Apollumi, sometimes translated as “perish” in the New Testament, and may assist you in considering the intent of the Apostle Paul’s message in 1 Thessalonians.

Jude 1:7

just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the surrounding cities, which likewise indulged in sexual immorality and pursued unnatural desire, serve as an example by undergoing a punishment of eternal fire.

This verse also defines an eternal state of judgment / punishment.

When Jude wrote this passage, I assume the actual physical(?) fires of Sodom and Gomorrah, along with the surrounding cities had been extinguished.  The question I have is with the term “eternal” fire.

Since the punishment is eternal, does that imply eternal suffering? Or might the effects of this judgement be eternal.  Notice that the phrase is “punishment of eternal fire”, not “eternal punishing/suffering in fire”.

As may be obvious by now for those paying attention, I am unsure how to understand the New Testament teaching on hell.  One thing is for sure – Judgment and a day of reckoning is coming, and we all need to prepare.

Flee to the Savior for He is the only place of refuge available.

Thanks for joining me in this study.  Hope to visit with you in our next post as we look at the Greek term κρίμα which is commonly translated judgment, damnation, condemnation, be condemned, go to law, avenge in the New Testament.

Be Blessed.

I look forward to comments and discussion.  May the Lord give you an understanding heart and a willing spirit to consider the Bible and all it’s wealth.


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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – δικαστής – Verse List for Study 9

Because of the Cross

This word is found 2 times in 2 verses within the New Testament. 

Please refer to previous post for complete listing

 

Thanks

I look forward to comments and discussion.  May the Lord give you an understanding heart and a willing spirit to consider the Bible and all it’s wealth.


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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – δικαστής – Study 9

Because of the Cross

Thanks for returning to this series on “Judge Judge Judge” and my feeble attempt to understand a believers responsibility and right to make judgments.

Another purpose of this series hopefully is to understand the believers restriction on judgement. 

What can a Christian judge?  How is he to judge?  What is prohibited in the Christian life to judge.  So many questions and concerns. 

Our ninth greek word related to judging is…

dikastēs

δικαστής – dikastēs – judge

This word is found 2 times in 2 verses within the New Testament.  A full listing of all verses will be included in this study.  

This greek word is synonymous with arbitrator, or even an umpire.  It is the more dignified and official term to be used.  Someone who makes a decision based on information, facts or counsel from (trusted) sources.

Luke 12:14

And he said unto him, Man, who made me a judge or a divider over you?

 

Jesus was asked by one in the crowd – Master speak to my brother, that he divide the inheritance with me.

First off, I believe that is the duty of the Jewish courts, to uphold the law in relation to the inheritance codes of Israel.  It is obvious, by the way the Master continued his teaching, that this fellow was looking for some quick cash, some influence from the Master in order to gain some coin.

He will have none of that.

His question to the covetous man – who made me a judge or a divider over you? speaks volumes.  If the man realized who he was talking to, he would understand that Jesus is a Judge and a Divider over him, and not that of his brother.

But the question is to be focused on who made Jesus the judge?

Mr Covetous – get your head right.  God has made Jesus judge over you, and that question you spat out reveals your (my) foolish covetous heart.

Psalm 119:36

Incline my heart to your testimonies, and not to selfish gain!

Mr Covetous at least had the backbone to reveal himself.  So often, I fear we as Christians wrap our covetousness, that is our idolatry, in religious terms, even claiming that God wants us to be rich, that He died in order for us to be rich.

What utter nonsense.

Twist the scriptures in order to satisfy the flesh.  The modern church has teaching that feeds the desires of the flesh, lying to us and feeding our covetous hearts.  He wants you to have a new Cadillac, or Rolls Royce.  After all, you are a Kings kid, and you should live as royalty.

I am no one’s judge, and I have much to answer for in many areas.  I love the Lord and His free gift of life that leads us to Him.

But I have to tell you that this prosperity teaching, so prevalent in the church, scares me.  It is like a cancer that gnaws on the inner man, filling him with doubt, causing him to loose focus on the Master and look only to “things”.  As the faithful fall into this teaching, they give to get, and when the getting isn’t happening, they give more and more.

What a scheme!

For the wages of prosperity teaching is poverty, not only financially, but more importantly spiritually, since the “promise” of God to supply ($$) bountifully was not kept.  How can I trust Him with my soul, if He can’t even double my givings.

Alas, the prosperity adherent is filled with doubt, eventually becoming hardened to the real message of God’s love and forgiveness, His sustaining in times of trial and trouble, His mercy in the midst of struggles and disappointments.

He is good.  Life can be hard.  Trust in Him.  (Not his gifts!)

Acts 7:27

But the man who was wronging his neighbor thrust him aside, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and a judge over us?

Acts 7:35

“This Moses, whom they rejected, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and a judge?’—this man God sent as both ruler and redeemer by the hand of the angel who appeared to him in the bush.

These last two sets of verses speak of the same message that Steven preached to the hardened Jews, just before they threw him to his death, hurling rocks and boulders on his body to kill this saint.

Lets compare what the Israeli described Moses as, and what the Christian Steven actually defined him as.

Both said he was a ruler.

The Israeli called Moses a judge, and in Moses ministry to the fledgling nation of Israel, he certainly became a judge, and to the nation of Israel as a whole, the greatest judge to have lived.

Steven though, changed the term judge to redeemer.  What?  Did Steven try to push some revisionist history?  Was he trying to rewrite the books, making Moses something the Israelis did not believe?

Steven emphasized a greater, more positive aspect of Moses ministry.
He was a judge that is true.  I don’t think Steven is arguing that.  I think Steven is declaring a greater truth, a truth that emphasizes Moses ministry as a redeemer of the nation from the clutches of Egypt.

Moses was a judge, a revered man of God who was elevated to the highest of honors.  As a judge of Israel, he had no peer, until the Greater One appeared.

And the Greater One is not only the ultimate Judge, deserving of all respect and honor, but the Deliverer and Redeemer, without Whom we would have no hope.

Thanks for joining me in this study.  Hope to visit with you in our next post as we look at the Greek term δίκη which is commonly translated vengeance, judgment, punish in the New Testament.

Be Blessed.

I look forward to comments and discussion.  May the Lord give you an understanding heart and a willing spirit to consider the Bible and all it’s wealth.


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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – δικαίωμα – Verse List for Study 8

Because of the CrossFind the full list of verses for the word dikaiōma below


Luke 1:6 And they were both righteous before God, walking blamelessly in all the commandments and statutes of the Lord.

Romans 1:32 Though they know God’s righteous decree that those who practice such things deserve to die, they not only do them but give approval to those who practice them.

Romans 2:26 So, if a man who is uncircumcised keeps the precepts of the law, will not his uncircumcision be regarded as circumcision?

Romans 5:16 And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification.

Romans 5:18 Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men.

Romans 8:4 in order that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.

Hebrews 9:1 Now even the first covenant had regulations for worship and an earthly place of holiness.

Hebrews 9:10 but deal only with food and drink and various washings, regulations for the body imposed until the time of reformation.

Revelation 15:4 Who will not fear, O Lord,
and glorify your name?
For you alone are holy.
All nations will come
and worship you,
for your righteous acts have been revealed.”

Revelation 19:8 it was granted her to clothe herself
with fine linen, bright and pure”— for the fine linen is the righteous deeds of the saints.

Thanks for joining me in this study.  Hope to visit with you in our next post as we look at the Greek term δικαστής which is commonly translated judge in the New Testament.

Be Blessed.

 

I look forward to comments and discussion.  May the Lord give you an understanding heart and a willing spirit to consider the Bible and all it’s wealth.


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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – δικαίωμα – Study 8-B

Because of the CrossThanks for returning to this series on “Judge Judge Judge” and my feeble attempt to understand a believers responsibility and right to make judgments.

Another purpose of this series hopefully is to understand the believers restriction on judgement. 

What can a Christian judge?  How is he to judge?  What is prohibited in the Christian life to judge.  So many questions and concerns. 

Our eighth Greek word related to judging is…

dikaiōma

δικαίωμα – dikaiōma – righteousness, ordinance, judgment, justification

This word is found 10 times in 10 verses within the New Testament.  A full listing of all verses may be found in a post to follow for your self study.  I will consider the verses that are not clear, that create questions in my mind, with the remaining verses left for the reader to ponder.

Our next verse is Romans 8:4

Romans 8:4 in order that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.
In our next verse, I promise no extended rabbit trails as in Romans 5.  Wow Carl – that was a bit much, don’t ya know.
Romans 8:4 is using the same greek word as in Romans 5, and is speaking of the purpose of sending the Messiah in the flesh, and of condemning King Sin in the believers life.
King Sin hasn’t been condemned to no purpose.  God has purpose!
The purpose is that the righteous judgments of the law may be fulfilled in us.
Okay – Questions
  1. What law?
    • Law of sin and death – No – read Romans 8:1
    • Law of the Spirit of life – Yes – This is the law that is to be fulfilled in us
  2. How is the law described?
    • Law of freedom and liberty, joy and love and peace and hope and … No
      • These descriptors are of the FRUIT of a life subject to the rigteous requirement of this law
    • Law of righteous requirements – Yes
      • Take a few moments to consider the moral aspects of the Ten Commandments in the believers life.  See Commandments for Christians as a starting point.

My point is that the Christian Spirit filled/controlled life is a life that reflects the character of God, and that character is defined throughout the Word, but cogently in the Ten Commandments (Okay – only nine if you have read the posts above!)

Please do not consider the requirements of the law and the fruit of the Christian life to be identical.

Keep a clear head when reading the Word, depend on the Spirit of God for a clear head and open ear, and struggle with the Word.  Argue and test it.  Wrestle like Isaac did with the angle of God.

His name (life) was changed.  Our lives will change as we understand more and obey

I look forward to comments and discussion.  May the Lord give you an understanding heart and a willing spirit to consider the Bible and all it’s wealth.   
*The idea of “might reign” will be addressed in a future post, dealing with “The Conditional Security of the Believer”

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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – δικαίωμα – Study 8-A

Because of the CrossThanks for returning to this series on “Judge Judge Judge” and my feeble attempt to understand a believers responsibility and right to make judgments.

Another purpose of this series hopefully is to understand the believers restriction on judgement. 

What can a Christian judge?  How is he to judge?  What is prohibited in the Christian life to judge.  So many questions and concerns. 

Our eighth Greek word related to judging is…

dikaiōma

δικαίωμα – dikaiōma – righteousness, ordinance, judgment, justification

This word is found 10 times in 10 verses within the New Testament.  A full listing of all verses may be found in a post to follow for your self study.  I will consider the verses that are not clear, that create questions in my mind, with the remaining verses left for the reader to ponder

Romans 5:16. 18

And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification.

Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men.

Let’s visit on this verse for a wee spell, since Romans 5 has always been a difficult passage for me.

Romans 5  is a passage that Paul is writing to explain the imputation of sin on the human race due to the sinful action of one (Adam) and the imputation of righteousness on the human race due to the righteous act of One (the second Adam – Jesus).

But that can’t be right, since the sinful act of Adam effected all of humanity.  The righteous act of Jesus effected only those who are disciples.

So now I am confused still.

I suppose I need to find beyond our subject verses the qualifying verse within the context where Paul defines the subjects of forgiveness.

Romans 5:17

For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.

That was easy!
But Paul speaks of justification and life for all men in verse 18.  I could take the seemingly easy way out and state that in this context “all men” refers only to believers.
Ya that makes it easy!
Kinda like when Paul used the same term in verse 12 when speaking of every individual who has ever walked on the earth!
Dang – Maybe not…
So lets try to figger this out

Many & Much More

Paul begins to use the terms “many” and “much more” in the following passage.  But I definitely need some clarification so…
Definition time!
Use much if the noun is non-countable (e.g., water, sand).
Use many if the noun is countable (e.g., oranges, children).  (
(Check out this site for help with grammar related issues)
The choice between much and many depends on the noun it is describing. …
When using much, the noun will always be singular; it cannot be plural.
Many is used to describe nouns or nouns that can be counted like books, ideas, leaves, and shoes.
When using many, the noun will always be plural.
(Check out this site for help with dictionary needs)
That helps somewhat.
Many describes something that is countable, but not definitive – I’m gonna use “multitudes” as a synonym to help me get some clarity
Much describes something that is not countable, and is singular.  I’m gonna use “a great quantity” as a synonym to help me get some clarity
Lets get context for this.

15 But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many (multitudes) died through one man’s trespass, much more (a greater quantity) have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many (multitudes).

So many died through a single act of disobedience!  This statement seems clear.  Verse 12 of the same chapter states the same.

Could the “much more” be referring to the effect of the act of obedience when compared with the act of disobedience. The free gift will have eternal effect on the ones who receive it, and depending on your view of hell, it will have an effect on those who do not receive the free gift.  It is possible.

Could the “much more” refer to the power/authority of the act of obedience compared with the power/authority of the act of disobedience?  I kinda think this makes sense, especially when we consider the topic of reigning that comes up in the next few verses.

16 And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification.

This verse contains our study word – please don’t think I have abandoned the original purpose of the study.  I will get back to it!  I just wanna figger this thought process out!

17 For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.

Okay – I think I am getting some clarity – I hope I can communicate it to y’all.

Notice the term “reign” in our passage.  Paul begins this thought here and continues in Romans 5:21 and 6:12.  Paul personifies sin and grace.

Think of it this way.  In the past, King Sin ruled over all the people, holding them under the grip of death.  Jesus enters the scene, deposes King Sin and offers the new Kingdom to all who receive it.

We are in the transition time right now.

I think it is like when David was anointed King of Israel by Samuel.  In God’s sight David was the King, but Israel didn’t recognize him as such.  Just like the world does not recognize the Messiah as it’s true King.  Come to think of it, we are like the band of men that followed David while he was being persecuted by King Saul.

But I digress into discussing the Kingdom of God.  Paul is describing a kingdom where Sin reigned for a time, but now Grace can (and should) reign in a believers life.

Sin or Grace?  It is somewhat surprising that Paul is not comparing sin with obedience, or sin with righteousness.  No – he contrasts Sin with Grace.

So – vs 17 gives the two possibilities.

  • Because of one disobedience – death reigned upon all through Adam.
  • Because of one obedience – life reigns upon all through Jesus, (who receive the abundance of grace).

18 Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men.

This is the verse that started my inner turmoil this morning, where Paul speaks of “all men” being justified.

19 For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous.

Again, Paul seems to be equating “the many” sinners with “the many” that will be made righteous.  There are some who look to this verse (and passage) and teach of a universal (eventual) salvation for all men.

Oh my heart wishes for this, and yet at this point in my pilgrimage, I haven’t found enough in the Word to advance, or even defend the position.

20 Now the law came in to increase the trespass, but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more,

This verse could support my current thinking that the trespass had power/authority (through the law) but grace (through the life of Christ) had greater power/authority

21 so that, as sin reigned in death, grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

  • Sin reigned in death
  • Grace might reign* through righteousness, leading to eternal life.

Two possibilities for the human race, for you.

So, although a bit of a detour, I needed to resolve some of these issues for my own sake.  If you followed along, let me know of your thoughts on Romans 5.  It is difficult in its initial reading, and only got worse as I dug, but to reduce the words of this post, I will refrain from further discussion on it.

Regarding the original reason for the post, this word for judgement is translated as justification.  It is the declaration of a judicial sentence by the Judge of all, a statement or sentence that, per context is favorable for us.

His free gift has provided the basis of this judicial decision (judgement) a legal decision and declaration to all who receive this gift.

The courts are an awe invoking environment.  Even the kangaroo courts I was associated with in my youth, inspired a sense of dominance and authority over my life.  Alas, that is the purpose of the courts.  At least one purpose, and that is to declare the condition of my life in the future.  A judgement from an outside source will effect my life; I have no power to avoid the consequence.

But in this grace filled judicial sentence, I am invited to enter into cooperation with the Judge, to become one who is involved and led into a life of righteousness.

Where grace reigns and following God is a duty and a pleasure.


 

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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – δικαιοκρισία – Verse List for Study 7

Because of the Cross

This word is found 1 time in 1 verse within the New Testament. 

See previous study for entire list.

Still kinda anal about order in the series naming – Thanks for understanding!

 

 

I look forward to comments and discussion.  May the Lord give you an understanding heart and a willing spirit to consider the Bible and all it’s wealth.


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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – δικαιοκρισία –Study 7

Because of the Cross

Thanks for returning to this series on “Judge Judge Judge” and my feeble attempt to understand a believers responsibility and right to make judgments.

Another purpose of this series hopefully is to understand the believers restriction on judgement. 

What can a Christian judge?  How is he to judge?  What is prohibited in the Christian life to judge.  So many questions and concerns. 

Our seventh greek word related to judging is…

dikaiokrisia

δικαιοκρισία – dikaiokrisia – righteous judgment

This word is found 1 time in 1 verse within the New Testament.  A full listing of all verses may be found below for your self study – ha one verse!

Romans 2:5

But because of your hard and impenitent heart you are storing up wrath for yourself on the day of wrath when God’s righteous judgment will be revealed.

Ok – so this verse is an interesting verse since context lets me think of a couple scenarios.

Let me explain.

The issue in my mind is the identification of the “O man” in verse 1.

Most of my Christian life, I have considered the one Paul refers to as “O man” in Romans 2:1 to be that of the lost person- the one who has no knowledge of God, alienated from God in his works and thoughts.

Consider Paul’s larger context of the book of Roman’s.  This is a church that is split down the middle with the Jew  and the Gentile being at odds with one another.  Consider Chapter 14, for an extended discussion on the two groups and Paul’s concern over their co-existence.  The church was experiencing turf wars over food and holidays!

It seems to be a bit of a thing for Paul, a topic that could destroy the work of God, and allow for condemnation to be introduced into the discussion.

Rom 14:20

Do not, for the sake of food, destroy the work of God. 

Rom 14:23

But whoever has doubts is condemned if he eats,

Is Paul writing Romans as a full blown description of the gospel in order to give an argument for “One Church” with no division?
Is Paul’s message to the Romans the destructive nature of two bodies with a “church”?
Does Paul supply a teaching that extends the full breath of the gospel in order to make an argument for unity within a body?
Consider the following structure for the opening chapters.
Chapter 1 – Introduction and Condemnation on “them”
This “them” within the first chapter is usually considered to be referring to the lost.  The passage under consideration begins with verse 18, describing “them” as suppressing the truth.
Who is suppressing the truth? The lost?  Is this accurate?  Consider
  • Vs 21-23 states
    • “They” knew God, but did not honor Him
      • Could this be the lost being referred to?
        • When did the lost ever know God?
    • “They” became futile in his thinking
      • Could this be the lost being referred to?
        • When did the lost “become” futile – they have always lived in futility until salvation is recieved
    • “Their” foolish heart became darkened
      • The heart of the lost is darkened, not became darkened?
    • “They” claimed to be wise
      • I see this as applicable to the lost.  Claiming wisdom seems to be a favorite past time of the lost!
    • “They” exchanged the glory of God for images
      • This is what got me thinking.  When have the “lost” had the glory of God in their possession to exchange?  The lost are under condemnation.
  • Vs 24-27 – Paul uses the pronoun “them” through out this passage.  Is Paul describing the lost when referring to “them”?
    • This is very possible, and yet it could be describing any group of people since the fall also.
  • Vs 32 is interesting though
    • “They” know God righteous decree, that those who practice such things deserve to die
      • Adam performed one act of sin and died.  He didn’t practice sin, resulting in death.  He experienced death upon his first sin.
      • Could the one command “not to eat” be considered God’s righteous decree?
    • They give approval to those who practice sin.

Who is the “they”, the apostle is describing?

Chapter 2 begins with a summary statement about judging.  Remember there are no chapter divisions in the original text!

The conclusion of the previous verses is that “they” and “O man”, perform the same sinful actions.  So who are the “they”?

Let me ask you a general question.  Considering Paul’s audience…

  • Who liked to judge others?
  • Who knew the judgement of God best?
  • Who claimed the riches of His kindness, forbearance and patience?
  • Who would have the hardest and most impenitent heart in Paul’s thinking?

Check out the following.  Paul continues with a passage describing a level playing field.  Judgement and glory will not be based on ethnicity!  (There may have been some in the church that relied on this thinking!)

The passage describes the factor of judgement as works, not ethnicity.

Rom 2:6 – 11

He will render to each one according to his works:

to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life;

but for those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there will be wrath and fury.

There will be tribulation and distress for every human being who does evil, the Jew first and also the Greek,

but glory and honor and peace for everyone who does good, the Jew first and also the Greek.

For God shows no partiality.

As an aside, Jesus and John the Baptist spent oodles of time comparing the dirty gentiles with the self righteous Jews, always lifting those filthy gentiles up, in comparison to the good good Jews.

So, if I am following Paul’s thoughts, “they” are the historic Jewish nation, and “O man” is the Jew in the Roman church.

The Jewish nation knew the righteous decree of God.  They exchanged the glory of God for idols.  Reread the first chapter, starting in verse 18, and consider.

So why not just say it Paul?

He did a Nathan!

Nathan set King David up by describing an event, and asking for judgement, little knowing that David would be judging himself.

2 Samuel 12:1-7

And the LORD sent Nathan to David. He came to him and said to him, “There were two men in a certain city, the one rich and the other poor.

The rich man had very many flocks and herds,

but the poor man had nothing but one little ewe lamb, which he had bought. And he brought it up, and it grew up with him and with his children. It used to eat of his morsel and drink from his cup and lie in his arms, and it was like a daughter to him.

Now there came a traveler to the rich man, and he was unwilling to take one of his own flock or herd to prepare for the guest who had come to him, but he took the poor man’s lamb and prepared it for the man who had come to him.”

Then David’s anger was greatly kindled against the man, and he said to Nathan, “As the LORD lives, the man who has done this deserves to die,

and he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.”

Nathan said to David, “You are the man! 

David would never have judged himself as harshly as he did that stranger.

The Jewish population within the church, while this passage is being read, are condemning these awful folks, not unlike David, until it is too late and then they realize they are guilty.

Who needed to realize they were sinners like the rest of the church population?  Sure they had privilege (chapter 9 – 11) but their heart was in worse shape than their brothers in the Lord.

So long story short, I think “O man” in chapter 2 verse 1 is the Jewish folk in the church,  If so, then Paul’s use of the strengthened term for judgement makes sense, since the group that would know the commands, deserved the greatest / most righteous judgement.

Wow – that was a long post.

Judgement shows up a lot in Romans 2, with various Greek words being used.  We shall return to this passage in the near future, but for now (or in the near future) when you read Romans, take a fresh look at the first three chapters.

Thanks for joining me in this study.  Hope to visit with you in our next post as we look at the Greek term δικαίωμα which is commonly translated righteousness, ordinance, judgment, justification in the New Testament.

Be Blessed.

I look forward to comments and discussion.  May the Lord give you an understanding heart and a willing spirit to consider the Bible and all it’s wealth.


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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – διάκρισις – Verse List for Study 6

Because of the Cross

Find below the list of verses containing the greek word diakrisis


Romans 14:1

As for the one who is weak in faith, welcome him, but not to quarrel over opinions.
1 Corinthians 12:10
to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the ability to distinguish between spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues.

 

Hebrews 5:14

But solid food is for the mature, for those who have their powers of discernment trained by constant practice to distinguish good from evil.

 


 

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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – διάκρισις – Study 6-C

Because of the CrossThanks for returning to this series on “Judge Judge Judge” and my feeble attempt to understand a believers responsibility and right to make judgments.

Another purpose of this series hopefully is to understand the believers restriction on judgement. 

What can a Christian judge?  How is he to judge?  What is prohibited in the Christian life to judge.  So many questions and concerns. 

Our sixth greek word related to judging is…

diakrisis

διάκρισις – diakrisis – discerning, discern, disputation

This word is found only 3x in the New Testament.

Hebrews 5:14
But solid food is for the mature, for those who have their powers of discernment trained by constant practice to distinguish good from evil.

What is the author trying to get at here?  Is he saying that if the believer does not exercise obedience in the early part of their life, their will be an inability to accept solid food?

And what constitutes solid food?

The author addresses an example of solid food earlier – the topic of Melchizedek.  The topic is only found 2 or 3 times in the Old Testament.  Yet he pulls so much teaching out of the short snippets of information available.    The author wants to teach them a truth of Christ, but they can’t receive it.  They just can’t receive it!

Consider this.

All the Word speaks of the Christ.  The Word is Christ centric.  The author exhibits this understanding by expanding an Old Testament personality into teaching that elevates the Christ.  But they can’t receive it!

hobby horseLet me ask my dear readers – Are you a believer in a hobby horse?  That is, have you settled into a teaching, defended it to the death, and refused to consider alternate views?

Are you in, what I call a Christian ghetto, where you only hang with those who think, talk and act like you?  Group think permeates your existence, and if someone comes along with an alternate viewpoint, the term heresy is ever so light on your lips?

I find it to be the height of pride to think that as a believer, the first teaching you received is the only good teaching available.  I lived this type of boastful arrogance for years!

But I think the author also has something more difficult to consider.

Christian maturity is not simply dependent on the knowledge of the Bible, the doctrines that are clearly taught in the Scripture.  Knowledge is the first step.  Don’t make it the last step.  And don’t let it puff you up!

1 Corinthians 8:1

Now concerning food offered to idols: we know that “all of us possess knowledge.” This “knowledge” puffs up, but love builds up.

As I said, the author is seeking for more out of these believers.  He is looking for all of them to be teachers, skilled in the word of righteousness.
Wait – what?
SS ClassroomThat is impossible.  Teachers need classrooms in the church, and each classroom fits 10 -100(?).  How can all believers be teachers, if each teacher requires an audience?
Alas, I have fallen into the modern church concept of Christian service and life.
Waiting for Sunday to teach a group of believers was something I loved and every Sunday was a high for me.   But the author is looking for believers that teach by way of life, not only by voice.

Back to the topic of Discernment

There are some in Christendom that claim to have powers of discernment and yet whose lives are moral ship wrecks, with open sin in their lives (covetousness, adultery, deceit…)  The author cannot be describing what these are claiming, since this discernment is a result of constantly distinguishing good from evil.
Golly – they can’t do it for themselves.  (They need to make their own bed!)
How is your training coming along?  Training is difficult and causes weariness at times.  Weakness and pain are associated with training, along with periods of failure and loss.
The author reminds us that our powers of discernment (judgement) grows as we are trained to identify good and evil.  (If you don’t judge, there will come a day when you can’t).

Thanks for joining me in this study.  Hope to visit with you in our next post as we look at the Greek term δικαιοκρισία.

Be Blessed.


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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – διάκρισις – Study 6-B

Because of the CrossThanks for returning to this series on “Judge Judge Judge” and my feeble attempt to understand a believers responsibility and right to make judgments.

Another purpose of this series hopefully is to understand the believers restriction on judgement. 

What can a Christian judge?  How is he to judge?  What is prohibited in the Christian life to judge.  So many questions and concerns. 

Our sixth greek word related to judging is…

diakrisis

διάκρισις – diakrisis – discerning, discern, disputation

This word is found only 3x in the New Testament.

 

1 Corinthians 12:10
to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the ability to distinguish between spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues.

The Corinthian Church

Bema Seat at Corinth
Bema Seat at Corinth

Paul is speaking to believers who have been granted all the gifts of the Spirit (check out the beginning of the book).  Paul informs us that the Corinthian church is fully equipped to minister to both the believers within and the lost without.  The Corinthian church actually had saints in it that could discern / judge / distinguish between spirits.

Is Paul discussing the ability to judge between an unclean spirit and the Holy Spirit?  (I’m thinking so)  Is he speaking of discerning between a haughty spirit and a humble spirit? (This may be also his intent.)  Either way, judging spirits was available for the first century believer in Corinth
How did that work out for the Corinthian church?   I mean practically, in their everyday life.  Golly – not so good, wouldn’t you know.
A man sleeping with his daughter in law, brothers going to court with each other, believers abandoning the apostle (and to their Lord), by listening to those super apostles.
It seems that the church had believers who had the gift of discernment, but a lot of good it was doing them.  The discernment of spirits is given to believers in order to make judgments on the spirits within the church.  This didn’t seem to be happening effectively in this church.

The Modern Church

How about nowadays?
Is it a fair statement to consider the modern church to be weak and without any power?  Regarding the topic at hand, does the modern church have the ability to distinguish between spirits?
Consider a preacher that boasts of his accomplishments.  Is that appealing to you?
When you see a preacher that is dressed to the nines, has multiple skeletons in his closet, is a photo op junkie, or seeks to build his/her ministry at the expense of the poor and weak, do you see one who is honoring God?
When you see a Christian seeking to gain blessing and glory and wisdom and thanksgiving and honor and power and might (check rev 7:12) from his or her underlings, consider your perspective.  I am afraid there are many in the modern church who see this as a valid, even preferred line of “ministry” and we as the laity seem to love it to be so. (2 Corinthians 11:4)

An Aside

As an aside, you may think I have a grudge or some axe to grind over the “professional” christian, but alas I think not.  You see, I am of the judgment that we are all brothers in the Lord and that a “professional” christian is setting him/herself up for a lifetime of loneliness, cutting themselves off from the benefit of the fellowship of the saints.
Oh to actually be open with one another and not have some artificial man made barrier between believers.

Back to Discerning

Golly Carl, you seem to be implying that you are discerning of spirits within the church.  Am I exercising a gift of discernment of spirits?  Not likely.  I make no claim to such a gift.
Is the gift of judging spirits still granted by the Lord in today’s church?
I am sure of it.
Is it active in the modern church.
I’m not too sure of it, and with that I am saddened.
Am I too judgmental?
I have an obligation to judge (or decide) my surroundings, for without sound judgment, I am sure to accept any foolishness.
Judge for yourselves, without a plea to emotion, but on the deeds of those you look up to, and make a fair and honest evaluation of the ones you look to for spiritual guidance and teaching.
If they are not reflecting the gentle and humble heart of the Master (Matthew 11:29), it may be time to reconsider some life choices.
A few years ago, I heard a brother say that a preacher should make less coin than the average parishioner.  Interesting thought.  This one concept may assist in bringing the professional Christian into a more relatable condition with the unwashed.

Both Churches

Paul was writing to the Corinthian church, the church, when I think of them, most closely replicates the modern church.
Today’s modern church seems to be filled with both professional and lay Christians who tout of great ministries, of visions that the apostles would be shaken by, of prophecies that none will not be held accountable of, of a “tolerance” that is weakening the church, allowing sin to fester within.
Where is the sorrow, the repentance, the heartbreak for the lives we live?

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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – διάκρισις – Study 6-A

Because of the CrossThanks for returning to this series on “Judge Judge Judge” and my feeble attempt to understand a believers responsibility and right to make judgments.

Another purpose of this series hopefully is to understand the believers restriction on judgement. 

What can a Christian judge?  How is he to judge?  What is prohibited in the Christian life to judge.  So many questions and concerns. 

Our sixth greek word related to judging is…

diakrisis

διάκρισις – diakrisis – discerning, discern, disputation

This word is found only 3x in the New Testament.

Romans 14:1

As for the one who is weak in faith, welcome him, but not to quarrel over opinions.

Opinions – I got too many opinions. As I git a bit older, Im a realizin that opinions are to be offered when asked for, and not to be supplied whenever I need to breathe.

The verse above refers to the idea of opinions, but I think it is a bit more than that.

Let’s consider what Vine’s expository dictionary says to give a bit of guidance

“a distinguishing,” and so “a decision” (see A), signifies “discerning” in 1Cr 12:10Hbr 5:14, lit., “unto a discerning of good and evil” (translated “to discern”); in Rom 14:1, “not to (doubtful) disputations” is more literally rendered in the margin “not for decisions (of doubts).”

As I grow into the Lord, I realize that the major things are to be kept major, and the minor things are to be kept minor.

But even though I’ve know that spiffy saying for decades, yet I always wanted to place into the major bucket those things I was just studying, the things I just learned, or more often that not, the things I am not struggling with.

If I did not struggle with a certain behavior or thought, then I would slide it into the major bucket, thereby giving myself a pat on the back, and supplying a hammer to hit everyone else with.

One topic that fits into this conversation is the topic of drinking as a believer.  As you may know by reading this blog, I was a teenage alcoholic, but I have spent time in my walk with God beating believers up with select Bible verses condemning the act of consuming a bit of beer or whiskey, of even a sip of wine.  (What a Pharisee!)

So I took this minor disputable teaching, dropped it into my mental major bucket, felt good of my victory over it, got puffed up, offended good believers, built walls of division and wasted time on a minor concern within the Lord’s family. (What a Pharisee!!)

Ok – so what is in the major bucket Carl? Glad you asked.  I want to tell you a story.

Story Time

Old JohnThe story goes that the Apostle John was nearing death when he finally got back to the church in Ephesus, and all the believers came together to hear the one that Jesus loved, speak to the church.

The crowds came together, and some of the elders carried John to the front, since he was so crippled up, placed him so all could here him.  The crowd hushed in order to hear the words of wisdom that would surely pour forth from the great Apostles heart, mysteries of God from walking with Him for many decades.

He drew in his breathe, looked at the saints and said…

Love one another.

That was his message.  No drawn out sermon.  Succinct and to the point.  (Much unlike some of my posts!)

Brethren.  Don’t argue over disputable issues within the Word, with those who are committed to the Lord.

  • Teach – yes.
  • Encourage – yes.
  • Admonish – yes.
  • Exhort – yes.
  • Correct – yes

Most importantly, in all things – Love the brethren.

Thanks for joining me in this study.  Hope to visit with you in our next post as we continue to look at the Greek term διάκρισις.

Be Blessed.


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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – διακρίνω – Verse List for Study 5

Because of the Cross

Find the full list of verses for the word diakrinō below

Matthew 16:3 And in the morning, ‘It will be stormy today, for the sky is red and threatening.’ You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky, but you cannot interpret the signs of the times.

Matthew 21:21 And Jesus answered them, “Truly, I say to you, if you have faith and do not doubt, you will not only do what has been done to the fig tree, but even if you say to this mountain, ‘Be taken up and thrown into the sea,’ it will happen.

Mark 11:23 Truly, I say to you, whoever says to this mountain, ‘Be taken up and thrown into the sea,’ and does not doubt in his heart, but believes that what he says will come to pass, it will be done for him.

Acts 10:20 Rise and go down and accompany them without hesitation, for I have sent them.”

Acts 11:2 So when Peter went up to Jerusalem, the circumcision party criticized him, saying,

Acts 11:12 And the Spirit told me to go with them, making no distinction. These six brothers also accompanied me, and we entered the man’s house.

Acts 15:9 and he made no distinction between us and them, having cleansed their hearts by faith.

Romans 4:20 No unbelief made him waver concerning the promise of God, but he grew strong in his faith as he gave glory to God,

Romans 14:23 But whoever has doubts is condemned if he eats, because the eating is not from faith. For whatever does not proceed from faith is sin.

1 Corinthians 4:7 For who sees anything different in you? What do you have that you did not receive? If then you received it, why do you boast as if you did not receive it?

1 Corinthians 6:5 I say this to your shame. Can it be that there is no one among you wise enough to settle a dispute between the brothers,

1 Corinthians 11:29 For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body eats and drinks judgment on himself.

1 Corinthians 11:31 But if we judged ourselves truly, we would not be judged.

1 Corinthians 14:29 Let two or three prophets speak, and let the others weigh what is said.

James 1:6 But let him ask in faith, with no doubting, for the one who doubts is like a wave of the sea that is driven and tossed by the wind.

James 2:4 have you not then made distinctions among yourselves and become judges with evil thoughts?

Jude 1:9 But when the archangel Michael, contending with the devil, was disputing about the body of Moses, he did not presume to pronounce a blasphemous judgment, but said, “The Lord rebuke you.”

Jude 1:22 And have mercy on those who doubt;

 

Thanks for joining me in this study.  Hope to visit with you in our next post as we look at the Greek term δικαιοκρισία which is commonly translated righteous judgment in the New Testament.

Be Blessed.

I look forward to comments and discussion.  May the Lord give you an understanding heart and a willing spirit to consider the Bible and all it’s wealth.


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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – διακρίνω – Study 5-B

Because of the Cross

Thanks for returning to this series on “Judge Judge Judge” and my feeble attempt to understand a believers responsibility and right to make judgments.

Another purpose of this series hopefully is to understand the believers restriction on judgement. 

What can a Christian judge?  How is he to judge?  What is prohibited in the Christian life to judge.  So many questions and concerns. 

Our fifth greek word related to judging is…

diakrinō

διακρίνω – diakrinō – doubt, judge, discern, contend, waver, misc

This word is found 19 times in 18 verses within the New Testament.  A full listing of all verses may be found below for your self study.  I will consider the verses that are not clear, that create questions in my mind, with the remaining verses left for the reader to ponder

Let’s remember that the general meaning of this word is to separate thoroughly, to make a distinction.

 

1 Corinthians 6:5 I say this to your shame. Can it be that there is no one among you wise enough to settle a dispute between the brothers,

In our previous post, we emphasized the division one can find within himself.  A double minded man.  (Should I mention that? Oh I don’t know – Maybe????)

This verse speaks of a double minded pair of believers.  Two brothers who both have the mind of Christ and that both of them are not exercising the mind of Christ, since there is a dispute.  That is the core problem.  Both brothers are exhibiting a spirit of pride that will not allow for a shared resolution.

But it gets worse.

No one in the entire body of believers can guide these two bothers to a peaceful resolution.  Does no one have the wisdom to exercise a humble spirit and to seek peace amongst the brethren.

Might I suggest that the item of dispute isn’t the problem, so much as the refusal of a brother to seek peace with another brother.  Remember it is blessed to be a peace maker.

Are you willing to give up a debt to a brother in order to keep peace?

Consider

1 Corinthians 6:1-7

When one of you has a grievance against another, does he dare go to law before the unrighteous instead of the saints?

Or do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world is to be judged by you, are you incompetent to try trivial cases?

Do you not know that we are to judge angels? How much more, then, matters pertaining to this life!

 

So if you have such cases, why do you lay them before those who have no standing in the church?
I say this to your shame. Can it be that there is no one among you wise enough to settle a dispute between the brothers,

 

but brother goes to law against brother, and that before unbelievers?

 

To have lawsuits at all with one another is already a defeat for you. Why not rather suffer wrong? Why not rather be defrauded?

Did you read what Paul suggested for the resolution of the wrong in verse 7?  Why not rather be defrauded?  What – that is not justice!
Story Time
We are currently in a disagreement with a former renter, demanding all his security deposit back.
We had clearly indicated the reason for the reduced refund, and after his terse response, we offered him additional funds to try to satisfy his demands.  At this point, he demanded all of his deposit back (even though proof of damages were clearly provided to him.)
A few days later, as I was considering the situation, I came across (providentially?) verse 7 above, where Paul asks the audacious question
Why not rather be defrauded?
Now I don’t know if he is a believer, but we are called to be peacemakers, so I discussed with my wife and we agreed to simply provide a full refund.
At the time of writing, this tenant has refused this offer, and has actually informed us he was taking us to court.
What?
Sometimes I struggle with the species I belong to.
I look forward to comments and discussion.  May the Lord give you an understanding heart and a willing spirit to consider the Bible and all it’s wealth.

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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – διακρίνω – Study 5-A

Because of the Cross

Thanks for returning to this series on “Judge Judge Judge” and my feeble attempt to understand a believers responsibility and right to make judgments.

Another purpose of this series hopefully is to understand the believers restriction on judgement. 

What can a Christian judge?  How is he to judge?  What is prohibited in the Christian life to judge.  So many questions and concerns. 

Our fifth greek word related to judging is…

diakrinō

διακρίνω – diakrinō – doubt, judge, discern, contend, waver, misc

This word is found 19 times in 18 verses within the New Testament.  A full listing of all verses may be found below for your self study.  I will consider the verses that are not clear, that create questions in my mind, with the remaining verses left for the reader to ponder

The general meaning of this word is to separate thoroughly, to make a distinction.  God has been doing this forever.

  • He separated the day from the night.  Distinctly different characteristic of times.
  • He separated the sky from the earth, the land from the sea.
  • He separated the fish from the mammals, from the birds
  • He separated the woman from the man.  Pretty glad He did that!
  • He separated the good from the bad, the living from the dead…

God is a God of distinctions, of differences of variety.  You (hopefully) will never meet a fella like me again.

Lets think about a few verses where this concept is obvious.

Acts 10:20

Rise and go down and accompany them without hesitation, for I have sent them.”

Notice that this has a time component involved in the meaning. Once you have the knowledge of correct action, delay is sin.

But the more important thing I notice is that hesitation exhibits an indecisiveness, a “distinction”, a separation within Peter.  A double minded (souled) man.

James 1:6, 8

But let him ask in faith, with no doubting, for the one who doubts is like a wave of the sea that is driven and tossed by the wind.

A double minded man is unstable in all his ways.

double-mindedThis is a massive thought for me.  I find myself thinking both sides of a problem, weighing my options and eventually ending up doing nothing.  I have to interject with a decision, once I have sufficient information.

Of course if I ever get all the information I need, the opportunity will pass.  There is a point where a decision can be made which allows for a path to be taken. 

Without a decision, no path, no motion, no direction and no opportunity for correction.   

Yes correction!

The will of God allows for mistakes.  Now don’t get ahead of me – I didn’t state that I can intentionally go against the will of God and think things will go well – no no no. 

Honest mistakes have been some of my greatest teachers.  Could I have learned with less collateral damage? Maybe.

There is a passage somewhere in the Bible that says “Test all things; hold fast what is good.”

All things are to be tested, and some are obviously bad since Paul tells us to hold onto the good. 

This verse reminds me of the time a pastor asked me to sing in the choir.  They tested me – they did what the Scriptures said to do.  Trust me – no one wanted to hold fast to that voice!

Finding out that a decision was not the will of God in your life is not the end of your walk.  It is a chance to reevaluate, adjust and seek His will for the next step in your pilgrimage.  Hold fast to that which is good – Remember God is good!

I hope you will join me in our next post when we continue our study with the Greek word διακρίνω

I look forward to comments and discussion.  May the Lord give you an understanding heart and a willing spirit to consider the Bible and all it’s wealth.

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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – γνώμη – Verse List for Study 4

Because of the Cross

Find the full list of verses for the word gnōmē below

Acts 20:3 There he spent three months, and when a plot was made against him by the Jews as he was about to set sail for Syria, he decided to return through Macedonia.

1 Corinthians 1:10 I appeal to you, brothers, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that all of you agree, and that there be no divisions among you, but that you be united in the same mind and the same judgment.

1 Corinthians 7:25 Now concerning the betrothed, I have no command from the Lord, but I give my judgment as one who by the Lord’s mercy is trustworthy.

1 Corinthians 7:40 Yet in my judgment she is happier if she remains as she is. And I think that I too have the Spirit of God.

2 Corinthians 8:10 And in this matter I give my judgment: this benefits you, who a year ago started not only to do this work but also to desire to do it.

Philemon 1:14 but I preferred to do nothing without your consent in order that your goodness might not be by compulsion but of your own accord.

Revelation 17:13 These are of one mind, and they hand over their power and authority to the beast.

Revelation 17:17 for God has put it into their hearts to carry out his purpose by being of one mind and handing over their royal power to the beast, until the words of God are fulfilled.

 

I look forward to comments and discussion.  May the Lord give you an understanding heart and a willing spirit to consider the Bible and all it’s wealth.


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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – γνώμη – Study 4-C

 

Because of the CrossThanks for returning to this series on “Judge Judge Judge” and my feeble attempt to understand a believers responsibility and right to make judgments.

Another purpose of this series hopefully is to understand the believers restriction on judgement. 

What can a Christian judge?  How is he to judge?  What is prohibited in the Christian life to judge.  So many questions and concerns. 

Our fourth greek word related to judging is…

gnōmē

G1106 – γνώμη – gnōmē

judgment, mind, purpose, advice, will, agree

This word is found 9 times in 8 verses within the New Testament.  A full listing of all verses may be found below for your self study.  I will consider the verses that are not clear, that create questions in my mind, with the remaining verses left for the reader to ponder.

Revelation 17:13

These are of one mind, and they hand over their power and authority to the beast.

What?

one-mind-rotate.pngThe lost can be of one mind, of one judgment? This verse is speaking of those without God, of no relationship to the Messiah, and without knowledge of the Holy Spirit.  

How can they be of one mind when believers who have been given the mind of Christ, and are commanded to be of one mind – dang it all  – we can’t even do it!

The only other time I can think of men of this world having the same mind, or of the same judgement, is a short passage where two political enemies joined forces in opposition to the man they knew as Jesus.

Luke 23:12

And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.

They joined into one mind in hatred of the one true God.

How unifying!

Thanks for joining me in this study.  Hope to visit with you in our next post as we look at the Greek term διακρίνω which is commonly translated doubt, judge, discern, contend, waver, in the New Testament.

Be Blessed.

I look forward to comments and discussion.  May the Lord give you an understanding heart and a willing spirit to consider the Bible and all it’s wealth.


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Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – γνώμη – Study 4-B

 

Because of the CrossThanks for returning to this series on “Judge Judge Judge” and my feeble attempt to understand a believers responsibility and right to make judgments.

Another purpose of this series hopefully is to understand the believers restriction on judgement. 

What can a Christian judge?  How is he to judge?  What is prohibited in the Christian life to judge.  So many questions and concerns. 

Our fourth greek word related to judging is…

gnōmē

G1106 – γνώμη – gnōmē

judgment, mind, purpose, advice, will, agree

This word is found 9 times in 8 verses within the New Testament.  A full listing of all verses may be found below for your self study.  I will consider the verses that are not clear, that create questions in my mind, with the remaining verses left for the reader to ponder.

Philemon 1:14

but I preferred to do nothing without your consent in order that your goodness might not be by compulsion but of your own accord.

Let’s remember the authority structure between Paul and Philemon.  Philemon was a Roman slave owner that Paul evangelized, brought into the church, and trained for a period of time.  Onesimus, Philemon’s slave had run away, found Paul and got converted.

  • Paul – the apostle to the Gentiles.
  • Philemon – a lowly believer, who owes his salvation to Paul in a very real way
  • Onesimus – a run away slave who actually is owned by Philemon

So why is Paul asking for consent from one which is lower on the authority? for one that is even lower in authority?

encourage-rotate.jpgIt kinda makes sense, based on some current religious structures, that Paul should “encourage” (a synonym in Christendom for “force”!) Philemon to do the right thing, and to release Onesimus.  Maybe tell him that if he doesn’t, he will be in rebellion. Ya – that’s it.  Use the rebellion card.

No – Paul the old man has realized the power of love, of serving others, of putting them first, of seeking agreement amongst brethren.

Paul even asks Philemon if he considers him a partner.  What?  How degrading, said the man who wants power!

Thanks for joining me in this study.  Hope to visit with you in our next post as we continue to look at the Greek term γνώμη .

Be Blessed.

 

I look forward to comments and discussion.  May the Lord give you an understanding heart and a willing spirit to consider the Bible and all it’s wealth.


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Thanks again for coming to visit. I hope you found something of interest in this post and would appreciate a comment, to begin a discussion.

Doctrinal · End Times · Hell · Judge

Judge Judge Judge – γνώμη – Study 4-A

 

Because of the CrossThanks for returning to this series on “Judge Judge Judge” and my feeble attempt to understand a believers responsibility and right to make judgments.

Another purpose of this series hopefully is to understand the believers restriction on judgement. 

What can a Christian judge?  How is he to judge?  What is prohibited in the Christian life to judge.  So many questions and concerns. 

Our fourth greek word related to judging is…

gnōmē

G1106 – γνώμη – gnōmē

judgment, mind, purpose, advice, will, agree

This word is found 9 times in 8 verses within the New Testament.  A full listing of all verses may be found below for your self study.  I will consider the verses that are not clear, that create questions in my mind, with the remaining verses left for the reader to ponder.

1 Corinthians 1:10

I appeal to you, brothers, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that all of you agree, and that there be no divisions among you, but that you be united in the same mind and the same judgment.

I attended a medium size church for a period of time and one of the things I learned while their is that unity and uniformity are not equal.

The church sought the entire body to study one topic and a small group of us requested we continue with a separate study.  This desire was evidence of an unwilling spirit, showing a fruit of division.

Is this Paul’s concern above?

Consider Paul’s later lament, where he rails against the believers joining cliques, forming premature denominations, and seeking to cling with their own group think.  Finding folks that think the same way in church does not challenge our lives, but allows us to settle for a safe existence.  Being around folks that think differently, forces a believer to capitulate to a strong personality (definitely a danger) or to become firm in his convictions.

So is Paul wanting us to believe the same minutia of doctrines, and refuse to fellowship with those who differ?  I think not.

He wants them

  • to agree / speak the same
  • to have no divisions / schisms among them
  • to be united in the same mind and the same judgement

all yall.jpg

Check the context – the believers, in the previous verse, are told of their calling – and since I reside in Texas, I’m gonna give you the Texan translation.

… All y’all were called into the fellowship of his Son, Jesus Christ our Lord

The focus of the fellowship, of the church body, of the gathering of the saints is to have fellowship with one another and the Lord Jesus Christ.

If Jesus is head, we look to Him for direction and guidance, we humble ourselves to accept that we may be wrong in our understanding of the will of God, and in humility count others more significant than yourselves.

If all y’all believers (including me!) sought this type of Christianity, there would be no divisions, and the world would see a group of believers united in the same mind and the same judgement concerning things of the Spirit of God.

  • Agree to speak the same thing (about Jesus) – that He is Lord.
  • Have no divisions, (although some believers may be at different stages of their pilgrimage)
  • United in the same mind (of humility) and of the same judgement, (based on the Spirit and the written Word)

Thanks for joining me in this study.  Hope to visit with you in our next post as we continue to look at the Greek term γνώμη.

Be Blessed.

 

I look forward to comments and discussion.  May the Lord give you an understanding heart and a willing spirit to consider the Bible and all it’s wealth.


Follow Considering the Bible on WordPress.com

Thanks again for coming to visit. I hope you found something of interest in this post and would appreciate a comment, to begin a discussion.