Daniel 9 is a linchpin of prophetic teaching.
As I have studied this topic over the years, a particular teaching has garnered favor among believers. I followed that teaching faithfully for most of my pilgrimage.
I would like to offer an alternative viewpoint for a fellow believer to consider.
When I first encountered this viewpoint, I struggled with it. I refused it, then ignored it, then argued with it. But I also believe as Christians, we need to wrestle with the Word.
Sure, we may come away limping, like old Isaac, but as always, encountering the Word produces fruit.
So with that thought let’s continue and read the verse under consideration first.
25 Know therefore and understand that from the going out of the word to restore and build Jerusalem to the coming of an anointed one, a prince, there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks it shall be built again with squares and moat, but in a troubled time.
There is debate about which decree is considered the start of the seventy weeks.
- The Decree of Cyrus – An order to rebuild the Temple – see Ezr 4:11-13, 23-24
- The Decree of Darius – Temple building resumed and completed – see Ezr 5:17, 6:1-2, 7, 15
- The Decree of Artaxerses – Rebuilding of City Wall and Jerusalem – see Ezr 7:1,6,8, 7:11-13,21, 9:9
It is interesting (not another rabbit trail?) that during the completion of the wall in the days of Nehemiah, the remnant Israelites were experiencing some troublesome times.
That Hanani, one of my brethren, came, he and certain men of Judah; and I asked them concerning the Jews that had escaped, which were left of the captivity, and concerning Jerusalem. And they said unto me, The remnant that are left of the captivity there in the province are in great affliction and reproach: the wall of Jerusalem also is broken down, and the gates thereof are burned with fire.
Does anybody else hear an echo of Dan 9:25???
History tells us that Artzxerxes gave his decree in the seventh year of his reign, having begun his kingdom about 465 BC. That would place the decree at about 455 – 457 BC. If the Messiah began his ministry in 26 – 28 AD, this would fit with the beginning of the 483rd year of Daniels prophecy.
Since the baptism/anointing was the formal declaration of the Messiah’s commencement of His ministry, He arrived as expected.
Let us continue onto verse 26
And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.
Notice that it is after the 69 weeks that Messiah is cut off. Not at 69 weeks. As described above, there is a good argument that the 69th week may have begun at the Messiahs baptism/ beginning of His ministry.
People of the prince (not the prince) that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary – note that the time indicator in this verse defines the action as being AFTER threescore and two weeks (and the 7 previous weeks).
Unto the end of the war desolations are determined. Josephus says that the Roman army then “brought their ensigns to the temple and set them over against its eastern gate; and there did they offer sacrifices to them, and there did they make Titus imperator with the greatest acclamations of joy.”
Josephus The Wars of the Jews 6.6.1.
Notice also the concept of a flood (” end thereof shall be with a flood”) in describing judgement on Jerusalem / Israel, in various other Old Testament passages.
Now therefore, behold, the Lord bringeth up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, even the king of Assyria, and all his glory: and he shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his banks:
Woe to the multitude of many people, which make a noise like the noise of the seas; and to the rushing of nations, that make a rushing like the rushing of mighty waters!
Jeremiah 46: 7,8
Who is this that cometh up as a flood, whose waters are moved as the rivers?
Egypt riseth up like a flood, and his waters are moved like the rivers; and he saith, I will go up, and will cover the earth; I will destroy the city and the inhabitants thereof.
And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over.
OK – now we enter into the deep stuff – Rescue me as you see me drowning…. oh wait – this may be a good place to stop for this post and begin in the next post with “the deeep stuff.
Give me a break Carl – haha!
I hope you will join me again as we continue Considering the Bible.
Thanks again for coming to visit. I hope you found something of interest in this post and would appreciate a comment, to begin a discussion.